Medical Marijuana
Video introduction to ProCon.org and the pros and cons of controversial topics

Note: Poll/survey responses that "strongly support" and "somewhat support" medical marijuana are combined as "Pro to medical marijuana"; responses that "strongly oppose" and "somewhat oppose" are combined as "Con to medical marijuana".

Description of Voting or Polling Question Vote or Poll by Date Results
N = Number of individuals polled; MoE+/- = Estimated margin of error;
Not available for all polls
Pro to Med. MJ Neutral or Don't Know Con to Med. MJ
Alaska Poll -
A. "It is legal in your state for seriously ill patients to use and grow their own medical marijuana with the approval of their physician. What is your level of support for this law?"

B. "If your own state legislators or members of Congress vote for a bill to allow seriously ill patients to use medical marijuana with the approval of their physicians, would you be more likely or less likely to vote for these elected officials in the Nov. general election?"

C. "Suppose an initiative is placed on the Nov. ballot in your state that would make it legal for medical clinics or non-profit organizations to buy medical marijuana from farmers and sell it to seriously ill patients. What is your level of support for this ballot measure?"

D. "Suppose an initiative on the Nov. ballot would make medical marijuana distribution and sales legal under your state's law, while it would remain illegal under federal law. What is your level of support for such a ballot measure?"

E. "Suppose an initiative is placed on the Nov. ballot that would require your state government to grow and distribute marijuana to seriously ill patients who have the approval of their physicians. What is your level of support for this ballot measure?"

[N=Between 1,004 and 1,464 adults in state. MoE+/-2.6% to 3.1%]

Lucas Organization and Arlington Research Group 2002, Feb.


74.3%



71.4%




70.8%




63.6%



65.5%



3.1%



7.9%




2.1%




8.7%



3.8%



22.6%



20.7%




26.0%




27.7%



30.7%
Alaska Initiative (Question 8) -
Removed state-level criminal penalties for medical marijuana use, possession, and cultivation.
State Vote 1998, Nov. 58% N/A 42%
Alaska Poll -
"Should marijuana be legalized for limited medical purposes?"

[N=544 Likely Voters. MoE+/-4%]
Ditman Research 1998, Oct 60% Not shown  Not shown 

Arizona Initiative (Proposition 203) -
Would allow qualifying patients to use medical marijuana. It would also establish a registry identification program and set rules for nonprofit medical marijuana dispensaries.

State Vote

2010, Nov. 2

50.13%

N/A

49.87%

Arizona Poll -
"Proposition 203 would change the punishment for possession of small amounts of marijuana from possible jail time to civil fines, create a medical marijuana registry card system authorizing medicinal use of marijuana for certain medical conditions and increase the maximum sentences for violent crimes while on drugs. Are you likely to vote in favor or against this proposition?"

[N=569. MoE+/-4.2%
]
Social Research Laboratory at No. Arizona University. 2002, Sep. 53% 15% 33%
Arizona Poll -
A. "Suppose an initiative is placed on the Nov. ballot that would remove the threat of arrest and all other penalties for seriously ill patients who use and grow their own medical marijuana with the approval of their physicians. What is your level of support for this ballot measure?"

B. "If your own state legislators or members of Congress vote for a bill to allow seriously ill patients to use medical marijuana with the approval of their physicians, would you be more likely or less likely to vote for these elected officials in the Nov. general election?"

C. "Suppose an initiative is placed on the Nov. ballot in your state that would make it legal for medical clinics or non-profit organizations to buy medical marijuana from farmers and sell it to seriously ill patients. What is your level of support for this ballot measure?"

D. "Suppose an initiative on the Nov. ballot would make medical marijuana distribution and sales legal under your state's law, while it would remain illegal under federal law. What is your level of support for such a ballot measure?"

E. "Suppose an initiative is placed on the Nov. ballot that would require your state government to grow and distribute marijuana to seriously ill patients who have the approval of their physicians. What is your level of support for this ballot measure?"

[N=Between 1,004 and 1,464 adults in state. MoE+/-2.6% to 3.1%]

Lucas Organization and Arlington Research Group 2002, Feb.


72.3%



71.3%




68.2%




62.4%



64.5%



4.6%



7.6%




3.3%




7.6%



4.5%



23.1%



21.1%




28.5%




30.0%



31.0%

Description of Voting or Polling Question Vote or Poll by Date Results
N = Number of individuals polled; MoE+/- = Estimated margin of error;
Not available for all polls
Pro to Med. MJ Neutral or Don't Know Con to Med. MJ
Arizona Initiative (Proposition 300) -
A 'no' vote will allow doctors to continue to prescribe Schedule I drugs without any further authorization from Congress or the FDA.
[Note: A "no" vote is reflected here as "Pro to Med. MJ.]
State Vote 1998, Nov. 57% N/A 43%
Arizona Initiative (Proposition 200) -
Removes state-level criminal penalties for medical marijuana use, possession and cultivation if with a doctor's prescription.
State Vote 1996, Nov. 65% N/A 35%
Arkansas Poll -
"Do you support legalizing marijuana for medical use under a doctor's supervision?"

[N=787 Residents
]
University of Arkansas Survey Research Center 2001, Oct. 63% 5% 32%
California Poll -
"Regardless of how you feel towards marijuana in general, do you favor or oppose allowing patients with terminal or debilitating conditions to possess and consume marijuana if their doctors recommend it?"

[N=1,002 registered California voters, polled in a random telephone survey. MoE+/-3.5%]

USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences/Los Angeles Times 2012, May 17-21 80% 3% 17%
California Poll -
A. "Do you favor or oppose implementation of Proposition 215, to allow for the medical use of marijuana in California?"

B. Response by Democrats

C. Response by Republicans

D. Response by Non-partisans/others

[N=500 registered voters, a telephone survey conducted January 5-13, 2004 in English and Spanish, among a random sample; MoE+/-4.5%]

Field Poll 2004, Jan.
74%

83%

63%

73%

2%

1%

4%

0%

24%

16%

33%

27%
California Poll -
"Would you vote again for proposition 215? (NOTE: Prop 215 legalized medical marijuana in California.)"
Los Angeles Times 1997, Aug. 67% Not shown  Not shown 

Description of Voting or Polling Question Vote or Poll by Date Results
N = Number of individuals polled; MoE+/- = Estimated margin of error;
Not available for all polls
Pro to Med. MJ Neutral or Don't Know Con to Med. MJ
California Initiative (Proposition 215) -
Removed state-level criminal penalties for medical marijuana use, possession and cultivation.
State Vote 1996, Nov. 56% N/A 44%
California Poll -
"Do you support legalizing marijuana for medical use under a doctor's supervision?"
California Field Poll 1996, Oct. 59% Not shown  Not shown 
California Poll -
"Do you favor ending prohibition of marijuana for personal medical use?"
David Binder Research 1995, Mar. 65.5% Not shown  Not shown 
Colorado Poll -
A. "It is legal in your state for seriously ill patients to use and grow their own medical marijuana with the approval of their physician. What is your level of support for this law?"

B. "If your own state legislators or members of Congress vote for a bill to allow seriously ill patients to use medical marijuana with the approval of their physicians, would you be more likely or less likely to vote for these elected officials in the Nov. general election?"

C. "Suppose an initiative is placed on the Nov. ballot in your state that would make it legal for medical clinics or non-profit organizations to buy medical marijuana from farmers and sell it to seriously ill patients. What is your level of support for this ballot measure?"

D. "Suppose an initiative on the Nov. ballot would make medical marijuana distribution and sales legal under your state's law, while it would remain illegal under federal law. What is your level of support for such a ballot measure?"

E. "Suppose an initiative is placed on the Nov. ballot that would require your state government to grow and distribute marijuana to seriously ill patients who have the approval of their physicians. What is your level of support for this ballot measure?"

[N=Between 1,004 and 1,464 adults in state. MoE+/-2.6% to 3.1%]

Lucas Organization and Arlington Research Group 2002, Feb.

76.9%



73.2%




72.7%




63.6%



64.4%


2.3%



8.0%




2.5%




8.3%



5.4%


20.8%



18.8%




24.8%




28.2%



30.2%
Colorado Initiative (Amendment 20) -
Removed state-level criminal penalties for medical marijuana use, possession and cultivation .
State Vote 2000, Nov. 54% N/A 46%

 

Description of Voting or Polling Question Vote or Poll by Date Results
N = Number of individuals polled; MoE+/- = Estimated margin of error;
Not available for all polls
Pro to Med. MJ Neutral or Don't Know Con to Med. MJ
Colorado Poll -
"Do you support legalizing marijuana for medical use under a doctor's supervision?"
Denver Post, KOA 9 2000, Oct. 67% 5% 28%
Colorado Poll -
"Do you support legalizing marijuana for medical use under a doctor's supervision?"
Denver Rocky Mountain News, News 4 2000, Sep. 71% Not shown  Not shown 
Colorado Initiative (Issue 19) -
Would permit the medical use of marijuana for persons with debilitating medical conditions and change state laws regarding marijuana for patients and their primary care givers.
State Vote 1998, Nov. 57% N/A 43%
Connecticut Poll -
"Do you favor changing the law to allow people with cancer, AIDS, and other serious illnesses to use and grow their own marijuana for medical purposes, if they have approval of their physician?"

[N=1,059. MoE+/-4%
]
Lucas Organization and Arlington Research Group 2002, Mar. 73% 3.3% 23.7%
Florida Poll -
"Do you support or oppose allowing adults in Florida to legally use marijuana for medical purposes if their doctor prescribes it?"

[N=1,646 registered voters in Florida. MoE+/-2.4%]
Quinnipiac University

2013, Nov. 21

82%

3%

16%

Florida Poll -
Survey on amendment to State constitution allowing marijuana for medical use.

[N=400 registered voters. MoE+/-4%
]
Miami Herald 1997, Sep. 63% Not shown  Not shown 

Description of Voting or Polling Question Vote or Poll by Date Results
N = Number of individuals polled; MoE+/- = Estimated margin of error;
Not available for all polls
Pro to Med. MJ Neutral or Don't Know Con to Med. MJ
Hawaii Poll -
"Do you support the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes?"

[N=400. MoE+/-4.9%
]
Fairbank, Maslin, Maullin & Associates on behalf of Americans for Medical Rights 1998, Oct. 63% 10% 28%
Hawaii Poll -
"Should the state legislature pass a law in Hawaii to allow seriously or terminally ill patients to use marijuana for medical purposes, if supported by their medical doctor?"

[N=703 registered voters. MoE+/-3.7%
]
QMark Research & Polling on behalf of The Drug Policy Forum of Hawaii. 2000, Feb. 77% 2% 21%
Illinois Poll -
"Do you believe that doctors should be allowed to prescribe marijuana for medical use?"

[N=850 state residents. MoE+/-3.5%
]
Center for Governmental Studies at No. Illinois University 1998, Apr. 67% Not shown  Not shown 
Iowa Poll -
"Do you favor or oppose the legalization of medical marijuana in Iowa?"

[N=unknown]

KCCI News Channel 8

2010, June 3

62%

5%

33%

Iowa Poll -
"Do you favor or oppose allowing medical marijuana in Iowa?"

[N=805 adults]
Des Moines Register 2010, Feb. 16

64%

3%

33%

Maine Initiative (Question 2) -
Removes state-level criminal penalties for medical marijuana use, possession and cultivation.
State Vote 1999, Nov. 61% N/A 39%
Maine Poll -
"Do you support legalizing marijuana for medical use under a doctor's supervision?"

[N=400 Voters. MoE+/-4%
]
Bangor Daily News and WCSH 6 1999, Oct. 68% 3% 29%

Description of Voting or Polling Question Vote or Poll by Date Results
N = Number of individuals polled; MoE+/- = Estimated margin of error;
Not available for all polls
Pro to Med. MJ Neutral or Don't Know Con to Med. MJ
Maryland Poll -
"Are you more likely or less likely to support a candidate who backs allowing patients to use medical marijuana?"
Gonzales/Arscott Research - telephone poll 2002, Jan. 37% 45% 18%
Maryland Poll -
"Do you believe that doctors should be able to prescribe marijuana to AIDS and cancer patients, or should possession of marijuana remain a criminal offense in all cases?"

[N=836 Registered Voters. MoE+/-3.5%
]
 Gonzales/Arscott Research 2001, May 66% 6% 28%
Maryland Poll -
"Should physicians be allowed to prescribe marijuana for medical use?"

[N= 933. MoE±3%]
Center for Substance Abuse Research at Univ. of Maryland 2000, Jan. 73% 3% 24%
Massachusetts Poll -
"Would you support an initiative that would allow the medical use of marijuana by patients with certain diseases, who have a doctor's recommendation?"
Fairbank, Maslin, Maullin & Associates on behalf of Americans for Medical Rights . 1999 81% Not shown  Not shown 
Michigan Initiative (Proposal 1) -
A legislative initiative to permit the use and cultivation of marijuana for specified medical conditions.
State Vote Nov. 4, 2008 63% N/A 37%
Minnesota Poll -
"Please tell me if you favor or oppose legalizing the use of marijuana for medical purposes."


[N=600 Adults. MoE+/-4%]
Lazarus Strategic Services 2001, Jan. 59% 7% 34%
Minnesota Poll -
"If a patient has a debilitating illness and a doctor recommends marijuana as a medicine for that patient, the patient and doctor should be protected from civil and criminal penalties?"

[N=800. MoE+/-3.5%
]
Mason-Dixon Research Poll 1999, Mar. 68% Not shown  Not shown 
Minnesota Poll -
"Do you favor protecting patients who use medical marijuana from civil or criminal penalties?"
Behavioral Research Center 1999, Mar. 64% Not shown  Not shown 
Montana Initiative (Initiative 148) -
A legislative initiative to permit the use and cultivation of marijuana for specified medical conditions.
State Vote Nov. 2, 2004 62% N/A 38%
Montana Poll -
A. "Suppose an initiative is placed on the Nov. ballot that would remove the threat of arrest and all other penalties for seriously ill patients who use and grow their own medical marijuana with the approval of their physicians. What is your level of support for this ballot measure?"

B. "If your own state legislators or members of Congress vote for a bill to allow seriously ill patients to use medical marijuana with the approval of their physicians, would you be more likely or less likely to vote for these elected officials in the Nov. general election?"

C. "Suppose an initiative is placed on the Nov. ballot in your state that would make it legal for medical clinics or non-profit organizations to buy medical marijuana from farmers and sell it to seriously ill patients. What is your level of support for this ballot measure?"

D. "Suppose an initiative on the Nov. ballot would make medical marijuana distribution and sales legal under your state's law, while it would remain illegal under federal law. What is your level of support for such a ballot measure?"

E. "Suppose an initiative is placed on the Nov. ballot that would require your state government to grow and distribute marijuana to seriously ill patients who have the approval of their physicians. What is your level of support for this ballot measure?"

[N=Between 1,004 and 1,464 adults in state. MoE+/-2.6% to 3.1%
]
Lucas Organization and Arlington Research Group 2002, Feb.


65.6%



66.1%




64.6%




57.8%



59.0%



4.0%



9.5%




4.7%




8.2%



6.5%



30.3%



24.4%




30.7%




34.0%



34.5%

Please send us information on any polls, surveys or voting we missed, any numbers missing and of course any you think we have wrong.

Thanks to Marijuana Policy Project, Americans For Medical Rights, The Ohio Patient Network and The White House's Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) for the research and statistics they sent us for inclusion in this work.

 

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