Last updated on: 8/22/2007 | Author: ProCon.org

Source Biographies

"Should Marijuana Be a Medical Option?"
Summary of Positions

Pro Not Clearly Pro or Con (NC) Con None Found (?)
I. Individual 188 (39.1%) 103 (21.4%) 87 (18.1%) 103 (21.4%)
II. Organization 118 (31.6%) 37 (9.9%) 36 (9.7%) 182 (48.8%)

Sort by alphabetical order, Sort by position

I. Individual
- B -
Individuals Rating Position
Bachs, Liliana, MD      Con
Baker, Matt     Con
Baldwin, Chuck, MA   Pro
Bar-Sela, Gil, MD      Pro
Barnett, Randy E., JD     Pro
Barr, Bob, JD     Pro
Barthwell, Andrea, MD      Con
Beada, Richard, JD     Pro
Bearman, David L., MD      Pro
Beasley, Richard, MBChB, DM, FRACP, DSc      Con
Bennett, Chris   Pro
Bennett, Sandra   Con
Bennett, William J., PhD     Con
Benowitz, Neal L., MD      NC
Benson, John A., Jr., MD      Pro
Berenson, Alex   Con
Berlin, Cheston, Jr., MD      ?
Berman, Jonathan S., MA   ?
Berman, Russell   ?
Bernstein, David, MD      Con
Biden, Joe, JD     NC
Bittner, Mary Ellen, JD     ?
Blakemore, Colin, PhD, ScD     Pro
Bloomberg, Michael, MBA   Con
Bock, Alan   Pro
Boire, Richard Glen, JD     Pro
Bonner, Robert C., JD     Con
Booth, Martin   Pro
Borden, David   Pro
Bourne, Peter G., MD, MA      Pro
Bovasso, Gregory, PhD     NC
Boyd, J. Wesley, MD, PhD      Pro
Bradford, Ashley C.   Pro
Bradford, W. David, PhD     Pro
Brady, Ciaran M.   Pro
Braga, Raphael J., MD      NC
Brecher, Edward M.   Pro
Brook, David W., MD      Con
Brookoff, Daniel, MD, PhD      Con
Broun, Paul, MD      NC
Brown, David J., MS   Pro
Brown, Jerry, Jr., JD     Pro
Brownback, Sam, JD     ?
Brust, John C. M.      NC
Buckner, Bruce   Pro
Budney, Alan J., PhD     NC
Bunt, Gregory, MD      Con
Burkman, Lani, PhD     ?
Bush, George W., MBA   Con
Byrne, Al   Pro
- C -
Individuals Rating Position
Califano, Joseph A., Jr., LLB     Con
Cameron, Karen, RNC, MSN   ?
Campbell, Fiona, MD      NC
Campbell, James Stewart, MD      Pro
Carcieri, Donald L.   Con
Carey, Drew   Pro
Carmona, Richard, MD      Con
Carpenter, William, Jr., MD      ?
Carroll, Camille B., PhD     NC
Carter, Gregory T., MD      Pro
Cavanaugh, Jay, PhD     Pro
Charuvastra, Anthony, MD      ?
Chelminski, Paul, MD, MPH      Con
Cherney, Max, MFA   ?
Clark, Peter A., PhD     Pro
Clauw, Daniel, MD      NC
Clinton, Hillary Rodham, JD     NC
Cloud, John   NC
Coffey, Carolyn   ?
Cohen, Peter, PhD     Pro
Collin, Christine, MD      ?
Compton, Wilson M., MD      ?
Consroe, Paul F., PhD   Pro
Conway, Isabel   ?
Cooper, Michael   ?
Corral, Valerie   Pro
Craig, Tim   ?
Craker, Lyle E., PhD     NC
Crestani, Francesco, MD      Pro
Cummings, Elijah E., JD     Con
Cunha, Jomar M., MD      ?
Cunningham, Chinazo, MD      Pro
- D -
Individuals Rating Position
D'Ambrosio, Frank, MD      Pro
D'Souza, Deepak Cyril, MBBS, MD      NC
Daling, Janet R., PhD     NC
Daly, Jo   Pro
Dang, Jeff, PhD   ?
de Ceballos, Maria L., PhD     NC
de Hert, Marc, PhD, MD      NC
de Wit, Harriet, PhD      Con
Degenhardt, Louisa, PhD     Pro
Deitch, Robert   Pro
Dekker, Gustaaf Albert, MD, PhD      NC
DeLisi, Lynn E., MD      ?
DeLorenzo, Robert, MD, PhD, MPH      Con
Denison, Doug   ?
Denney, Philip, MD      Pro
DeNoon, Daniel J.   ?
Denson, Thomas F., PhD     Pro
Devinsky, Orrin, MD      Con
di Forti, Marta, MD, MRCPsych      NC
Doblin, Rick, PhD     Pro
Dodd, Chris, JD     Pro
Douglass, Barbara   Pro
Dubinsky, Marla, MD      Con
DuPont, Robert L., MD      Con
Dworkin, Barry, MD      Con
Dyer, Jerry, MS   Con
- H -
Individuals Rating Position
Haag, Mary, RN   Con
Hadorn, David, MD, PhD      Pro
Hall, Wayne, PhD     Pro
Hall-Flavin, Daniel K., MD      NC
Hamburg, Margaret, MD      ?
Hamm, John, MD      Pro
Haney, Margaret, PhD     Pro
Hanson, Glen R., DDS, PhD     ?
Hanuš, Lumír Ondrej, Doctor of Sciences, CSc, RNDr     Pro
Heishman, Stephen J., PhD     ?
Henningfield, Jack E., PhD     ?
Henquet, Cécile, PhD     ?
Henry, John, MD      NC
Herer, Jack   Pro
Hergenrather, Jeffrey, MD      Pro
Herkenham, Miles, PhD     NC
Hezode, Christophe, MD      Con
Hinchey, Maurice   Pro
Hinz, Burkhard, PhD     NC
Holdcroft, Anita I., MD      NC
Holder, Eric H., Jr., JD     NC
Holland, Julie, MD      Pro
Horwood, John L., PhD     NC
Houston, Aaron   Pro
Huckabee, Mike   Con
Humphreys, Keith, PhD     Con
Hunter, Duncan, JD     NC
Hutchinson, Asa, JD     Con
- K -
Individuals Rating Position
Kalant, Harold, MD, PhD      NC
Kampia, Robert   Pro
Kane, John L., Jr., JD     Pro
Kari, Shannon   ?
Karst, Matthias, MD, PhD      ?
Kassirer, Jerome P., MD      Pro
Katzenstein, David A., MD      Pro
Kelly, John V.   ?
Kerlikowske, Gil, MA   Con
Keyes, Alan, PhD     ?
Killestein, Joep, MD, PhD      NC
Killian, Robert K., MD      Pro
Kim, Victoria   ?
Kleiman, Mark A.R., PhD     Pro
Klein, Daniel B., PhD     ?
Klonoff-Cohen, Hillary, PhD     NC
Kocieniewski, David, MS   ?
Kohl-Welles, Jeanne, PhD     Pro
Kondrad, Elin, MD      NC
Kozinski, Alex, JD     ?
Kraft, Birgit, MD      NC
Kraus, Mark L., MD      Con
Krieger, Grant   Pro
Krusz, John Claude, MD, PhD      ?
Ksir, Charles, PhD     ?
Kubby, Steve   Pro
Kucinich, Dennis   Pro
Kumar, Suresh, MD      NC
- M -
Individuals Rating Position
Macias, Chanda, MBA, PhD     Pro
Mack, Alison   ?
Macleod, John, PhD     ?
Madras, Bertha, PhD     Con
Malenka, Robert C., MD, PhD      ?
Mandel, Jerry S., PhD     Pro
Manniche, Lise, PhD     ?
Markowitz, Jonathan, MD      Con
Mathre, Mary Lynn, MSN, RN   Pro
Maughs, Rick   Pro
McCain, John   Con
McDermott, James A., MD      Pro
McEnulty, Frank, MBA   Pro
McGrath, John, MBBS, MD, PhD      NC
McIntosh, Andrew M., MSc, MD, MPhil, MBChB      NC
McKinney, Cynthia, MA   ?
McKinney, Laurence O., MBA   Pro
McKoy, James, MD      Con
McMahon, George   Pro
McNerney, Jerry, PhD     Now Pro
Mechoulam, Raphael, PhD     Pro
Mehra, Reena, MD      ?
Mikuriya, Tod, MD      Pro
Miller, Henry, MD      Con
Miller, Norman S., MD, JD      Con
Milton, Nathaniel, PhD     NC
Minozzi, Silvia, MD, MS      ?
Mirken, Bruce   Pro
Miron, Jeffrey A., PhD     Pro
Mitchell, Ed, MD      ?
Moffitt, Terrie E., PhD     ?
Moore, Theresa H. M., MSc   ?
Morgan, John P., MD      Pro
Morral, Andrew, PhD     ?
Mortati, Katherine, MD      NC
Mosher, Clayton James, PhD     NC
Murdoch, Alison, MD      ?
Murphy, Kevin   ?
Musikka, Elvy   Pro
Müller-Vahl, Kirsten R., MD      Pro
- R -
Individuals Rating Position
Radecki, Thomas Edward, MD, JD      Con
Randall, Robert C.   Pro
Ranganathan, Mohini, MBBS      NC
Ray, Oakley, PhD     ?
Rees, Daniel I., PhD     NC
Reid, Harry, JD     Now Pro
Reid, Jr., Alfred O., MA   NC
Reiman, Amanda, PhD     Pro
Reimer, Jens, MD      Pro
Reinarman, Craig, PhD     NC
Rennie, John   Pro
Rey, Joseph M., MBBS, PhD      ?
Richardson, Bill   Pro
Rick, Lynn Taylor   ?
Ridder, Elizabeth M.   NC
Rimland, Bernard, PhD     Pro
Roffman, Roger A., DSW     Pro
Rog, David J.   NC
Rohrabacher, Dana   Pro
Romney, Mitt, JD     Con
Roques, Wayne   Con
Rosenberg, Chuck, JD     Con
Rosenfeld, Irvin   Pro
Roser, Patrik, PhD, MD      Con
Roth, Michael D., MD      Con
Rubin, Saul   Pro
Ruck, Carl, PhD     NC
Rusche, Sue   Con
Rush, Benjamin, MD      NC
Russo, Ethan, MD      Pro
- S -
Individuals Rating Position
Saag, Michael S., MD      Pro
Sabet, Kevin, PhD     Con
Sabia, Joseph J., PhD     NC
Saitz, Richard, MD, MPH      Con
Sanchez-Ramos, Juan R., MD      Pro
Sandyk, Reuven E., MD      NC
Sarafian, Ted, PhD     ?
Sartor, R. Balfour, MD      Con
Scannell, Kate, MD      Pro
Schaller, Michael, PhD     ?
Schiffman, Jason, PhD     NC
Schimelpfening, Nancy   NC
Schuel, Herbert, PhD     ?
Schuster, Alyson, MPH, MBA   Con
Schwartz, Allan N., PhD     Con
Schwartz, Richard H., MD      Con
Scott, Elsa   Pro
Segal, Bernard, PhD     ?
Segrè, Liz   Con
Semple, David M., MBBS      NC
Serra, J. Tony, JD     Pro
Sessions, Jeff     Con
Sevy, Serge, MD, MBA      NC
Shepard, Kirk, MD      Pro
Sherer, Steph   Pro
Shohov, Tatiana   Pro
Shover, Chelsea, PhD     NC
Shulgin, Ann   Pro
Sidney, Stephen, MD      Pro
Silverberg, Ivan J., MD      Pro
Simon, Gregory E., MD, MPH      Con
Smith, Christine   Pro
Smith, Lamar, JD     Con
Soderpalm, Anna H., PhD     NC
Solowij, Nadia, PhD     ?
Souder, Mark   Con
St. Pierre, Allen   Pro
Steinfeld, Jesse L., MD      Pro
Stephens, Robert S., PhD     NC
Stirling, John, DPhil     Pro
Strasser, Florian, MD      ?
Stroup, R. Keith, JD     Pro
Studney, Dan   ?
Ständer, Sonia, MD      ?
Sullum, Jacob   Pro
Sylvestre, Diana L., MD      Pro
Szalavitz, Maia   Pro
- U -
Individuals Rating Position
Ungerleider, J. Thomas, MD      Pro
- X -
Individuals Rating Position
Xie, Huirong, PhD     ?
- Y -
Individuals Rating Position
Yablan, Jeffrey S.   Pro
Yost, Pete   ?
Young, Francis L.     Pro
Young, William, MD      ?
II. Organization
- # -
Organizations Rating Position
850KOA Radio    ?
- A -
Organizations Rating Position
Accident Analysis & Prevention    ?
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica    ?
Addiction    ?
Agence Française de Presse (AFP)    ?
AIDS Survival Project   Pro
AIDS United   Pro
AlterNet   ?
Alzheimer's Research Trust   ?
Alzheimer's Society   ?
American Academy of Family Physicians   Pro
American Academy of HIV Medicine   Pro
American Academy of Ophthalmology   Con
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)   Con
American Alliance For Medical Cannabis   Pro
American Association For Health Freedom   Pro
American Association for the Advancement of Science   ?
American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)   NC
American Bar Association (ABA)   Pro
American Broadcasting Company (ABC) News    ?
American Cancer Society   NC
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)   Pro
American College of Physicians (ACP)   Pro
American Epilepsy Society   Con
American Glaucoma Society   Con
American Heart Association   ?
American Journal of Epidemiology    ?
American Journal of Ophthalmology    ?
American Journal of Psychiatry    ?
American Journal of Public Health    ?
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine    ?
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology    ?
American Medical Association (AMA)   Now NC
American Medical Student Association (AMSA)   Pro
American Nurses Association   Pro
American Psychiatric Association (APA)   Con
American Public Health Association   Pro
American Society of Addiction Medicine   Con
Americans for Medical Rights   Pro
Americans for Safe Access (ASA)   Pro
Annals of Internal Medicine    ?
Archives of General Psychiatry    ?
Archives of Internal Medicine    ?
Arkansas Democrat-Gazette    ?
Arlington Research Group   ?
Associated Press (AP)    ?
Auburn Journal    ?
Australasian Centre for Policing Research   Con
Australian Medical Association   Pro
- C -
Organizations Rating Position
Cable News Network (CNN)    ?
Cahners Research (formerly Chilton Research)   ?
California Academy of Family Physicians   Pro
California Highway Patrol (CHP)   NC
California Medical Association   Pro
California Narcotics Officers Association (CNOA)   Con
California National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (CalNORML)   Pro
California Nurses Association   Pro
California Pharmacists Association   Pro
California Society of Addiction Medicine   NC
California State Attorney General   Pro
Canadian AIDS Society   Pro
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC)    ?
Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (CCSA)   NC
Canadian Consortium for the Investigation of Cannabinoids in Human Therapeutics (CCIC)   NC
Canadian Medical Association   Pro
Canadian Public Health Association (CPHA)   ?
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention    ?
Cancer Monthly   Pro
Cannabis Action Network   Pro
Cannabis Culture   Pro
CannabisMD.org   Pro
Cell and Tissue Research    ?
Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies   ?
Center for Governmental Studies at Northern Illinois University   ?
Center for Medicinal Cannabis Research   NC
Center for Problem Solving Courts   Pro
Center for Science in the Public Interest   ?
Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR)   ?
Centers For Disease Control (CDC)   ?
Chamberlain Research Consultants, Inc.   ?
Chico Enterprise-Record    ?
Chico News and Review    ?
Cleveland Clinic   Now Con
Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics   ?
CNBC   ?
Coalition For Compassionate Access   Pro
Colorado Nurses Association   Pro
Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS)    ?
Common Sense for Drug Policy   Pro
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice    ?
Concord Monitor    ?
Congressional Research Service (CRS)   ?
Consumer Reports Magazine    Pro
Continuing Medical Education, Inc.   ?
Creative Broadcast Services, Inc.    Pro
Crimson White   ?
Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America (CCFA)   Now NC
Cybercast News Service    ?
- K -
Organizations Rating Position
Kaiser Permanente   Pro
KOA Radio    ?
- M -
Organizations Rating Position
Maine AIDS Alliance   Pro
Marijuana Anti-Prohibition Project (MAPP)   Pro
Marijuana Policy Project (MPP)   Pro
Mason-Dixon Polling & Research, Inc.   ?
Mayo Clinic   NC
Medical Marijuana Information Resource Centre (MMIRC)   Pro
Medical Marijuana Patients' Union (MMPU)   Pro
Medical Post    ?
MedicalMarihuana.ca   Pro
Medicinal Cannabis Research Foundation (MCRF)   NC
Medicine in Bloom   Pro
MedlinePlus   ?
Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy    ?
Merrill Lynch   ?
Miami Herald    ?
Military Medicine    NC
Minnesota Department of Public Health   Pro
Molecular Psychiatry (Journal)    ?
Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease    ?
Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services   Pro
Movement Disorders    ?
Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS)   Pro
Multiple Sclerosis    ?
Muscular Dystrophy Association   Pro
- N -
Organizations Rating Position
Nation    ?
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine   NC
National Academy of Sciences   ?
National Association for Public Health Policy   Pro
National Association of People with AIDS   Pro
National Association of School Nurses   Con
National Cancer Institute   NC
National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse   NC
National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)   Pro
National Drug Strategy (Australia)   Now NC
National Drug Strategy Network   ?
National Eye Institute   Con
National Families in Action   Con
National Health Service   ?
National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke   NC
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)   ?
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research   ?
National Institute of Mental Health   ?
National Institute on Aging   ?
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)   Con
National Institutes of Health (NIH)   ?
National Multiple Sclerosis Society   Now Pro
National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML)   Pro
National Programme on Substance Abuse Deaths (UK)   NC
National Women's Health Network   Pro
Nature    ?
Nature Reviews Cancer    ?
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology    ?
Nebraska AIDS Project   Pro
Neurology    ?
Neuropharmacology    ?
New England Journal of Medicine    Pro
New Mexico Nurses Association   Pro
New Scientist    ?
New York AIDS Coalition   Pro
New York State Nurses Association   Pro
New York Times    Pro
New Yorker    ?
New Zealand Herald    ?
News 4 (Colorado)    ?
News 9 (Colorado)    ?
North Carolina Nurses Association   Pro
Northwest Center for Health and Safety   Con
Nutrition Bytes    ?
- Q -
Organizations Rating Position
QMark Research and Polling   ?
- S -
Organizations Rating Position
Sacramento Bee    Pro
Sacramento News and Review    ?
San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department   Con
San Bernardino County Sun    ?
San Diego Union-Tribune    ?
San Francisco AIDS Foundation   Pro
San Francisco Chronicle    Pro
San Francisco Examiner    ?
San Jose Mercury News    ?
San Mateo County Health Department AIDS Program   Pro
Schaffer Online Library of Drug Policy   NC
Schizophrenia Society of Canada   ?
Scrip World Pharmaceutical News   ?
Smart Approaches to Marijuana (SAM)   NC
Social Research Laboratory   ?
Spiritual Science Research Foundation   Con
Statistical Assessment Service (STATS)   ?
Students for Sensible Drug Policy   Pro
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)   ?
Substance Abuse Librarians and Information Specialists (SALIS)   ?
Survey Research Center   ?
Syracuse Behavioral Healthcare   Pro
- U -
Organizations Rating Position
UK Cannabis Campaigner's Guide   Pro
Unimed Pharmaceuticals   ?
Union for Reform Judaism   Pro
Unitarian Universalists for Drug Policy Reform   Pro
United Church of Christ (UCC)   Pro
United Kingdom Parliament   ?
United Methodist Church   Pro
United Nations (UN)   Con
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)   Con
United Patient's Group   Pro
United Press International    ?
University of Arkansas Survey Research Center   ?
University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute (ADAI)   ?
US Attorney's Office Los Angeles   Con
US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)   Con
US Department of Justice (DOJ)   Con
US Department of Transportation (DOT)   ?
US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)   Con
US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)   Con
US Government Accountability Office (GAO)   ?
US National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse   NC
US Pharmacopoeia   Con
- Z -
Organizations Rating Position
Zogby International   ?