I. Summary of Physician Views II. List of Physicians & Views

I. Summary of Physician Views
The distribution of physicians who responded Pro, Con, or Not Clearly Pro or Con (NC), to our core question "Should marijuana be a medical option?" is illustrated in the chart below.
  Pro Con Not Clearly Pro or Con (NC) Total
Total #  49 25 16 90
% of Total # 54.4% 27.8% 17.8% 100%

There are estimated to be over 600,000 physicians in the United States.  We have only listed those physicians who have been quoted or otherwise referenced on Medical Marijuana ProCon.org. All individuals on this site with an MD have been assigned a theoretical expertise ranking of 4 stars, designating them as Key Experts in the medical marijuana debate, because with their training and clinical work, physicians should, in theory, have the best knowledge of marijuana's medical value and risks. Our full list of site sources contains biographies of other credible individual sources who do not have MDs, as well as organizations.

II. List of Physicians & Views (with links to their biographies)

Name Rating Position
Donald Abrams, MD Pro
Gavin I. Awerbuch, MD NC
- B -
Name Rating Position
Liliana Bachs, MD Con
Andrea Barthwell, MD Con
David Bearman, MD Pro
Neal L. Benowitz, MD NC
John A. Benson, Jr., MD Pro
David Bernstein, MD Con 
Peter G. Bourne, MA, MD Pro 
David Brook, MD Con 
Daniel Brookoff, MD, PhD Con 
Paul Broun, MD NC
John Brust, MD NC
 - C -
Name Rating Position
James S. Campbell, MD Pro 
Richard Carmona, MD, MPH Con
Gregory T. Carter, MD Pro 
Francesco Crestani, MD Pro
Chinazo Cunningham, MD Pro
 - D -
Name Rating Position
Robert DeLorenzo, MD, PhD, MPH Con 
Philip Denney, MD Pro
Robert L. DuPont, MD Con 
Barry Dworkin, MD Con 
- E -
Name Rating Position
Dean Edell, MD Pro
Brian R. Edlin, MD Pro 
William Eidelman, MD Pro 
Joycelyn Elders, MD Pro 
David S. Ettinger, MD Pro 
- F -
Name Rating Position
Patrick J. Fox, MD NC
Peter Friedmann, MD, MPH NC
Marian (Mollie) Fry, MD Pro 
- G -
Name Rating Position
Avram Goldstein, MD Pro 
Robert Gorter, MD, PhD Pro
Igor Grant, MD Pro 
Harry S. Greenberg, MD NC 
Lester Grinspoon, MD Pro 
Donald Gross, MD Con
- H -
Name Rating Position
David Hadorn, MD, PhD Pro
John Hamm, MD Pro
John Henry, MD NC 
Christophe Hezode, MD Con 
 - I -
Name Rating Position
Dennis M. Israelski, MD Pro 
- J -
Name Rating Position
Claudia Jensen, MD Pro
Reese T. Jones, MD, PhD Con
- K -
Name Rating Position
Jerome P. Kassirer, MD Pro
David A. Katzenstein, MD Pro 
Joep Killestein, MD, PhD NC
Robert K. Killian, MD Pro
Mark L. Kraus, MD Con 
 - L -
Name Rating Position
Janet Lapey, MD Con 
Frank Lucido, MD Pro 
- M -
Name Rating Position
Jonathan Markowitz, MD Con 
James A. McDermott, MD Pro 
James McKoy, MD Con 
Tod Mikuriya, MD Pro 
Henry Miller, MSc, MD Con 
John Morgan, MD Pro 
Kirsten R. Muller-Vahl, MD Pro 
 - N -
Name Rating Position
Leon Nadrowski, MD Con 
Gabriel Nahas, MD, PhD Con 
- P -
Name Rating Position
Nicholas Pace, MD Con 
Paul F. Palmberg, MD, PhD Pro
Ron Paul, MD Pro
Richard Pazdur, MD NC
Denis Petro, MD Pro 
 - R -
Name Rating Position
Thomas Radecki, JD, MD Con 
Jens Reimer, MD Pro 
Michael D. Roth, MD Con 
Benjamin Rush, MD NC 
Ethan Russo, MD Pro 
 - S -
Name Rating Position
Michael S. Saag, MD Pro 
Juan R. Sanchez-Ramos, MD Pro 
Reuven Sandyk, MD NC 
R. Balfour Sartor, MD Con 
Kate Scannell, MD Pro 
Richard H. Schwartz, MD Con 
Kirk Shepard, MD Pro 
Stephen Sidney, MD, MPH Pro 
Ivan J. Silverberg, MD Pro 
Jesse L. Steinfeld, MD Pro 
Sonia Ständer, MD NC 
Diana L. Sylvestre, MD Pro 
- T -
Name Rating Position
Donald P. Tashkin, MD NC 
Eugene Tinelli, MD, PhD Pro 
 - U -
Name Rating Position
J. Thomas Ungerleider, MD Pro 
- V -
Name Rating Position
Claude Vaney, MD Pro 
Eric A. Voth, MD, FACP Con 
- W -
Name Rating Position
Derick T. Wade, MD NC 
Stanley J. Watson, Jr., MD NC 
Daniel M. Weglein, MD Pro 
Andrew Weil, MD Pro