National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Biography
Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Should Marijuana Be a Medical Option?"
"Relief from chronic pain is by far the most common condition cited by patients for the medical use of cannabis... In addition, there is evidence that some individuals are replacing the use of conventional pain medications (e.g., opiates) with cannabis...
There is substantial evidence that cannabis is an effective treatment for chronic pain in adults."
"The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids: The Current State of Evidence and Recommendations for Research," nap.edu, 2017
Organizations/VIPs/Others Individuals and organizations that do not fit into the other star categories.
"The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.
The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president.
The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.
The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine."
"The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are the nation's pre-eminent source of high-quality, objective advice on science, engineering, and health matters. Most of our work is conducted through seven major program areas: Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Earth and Life Studies, Engineering and Physical Sciences, Health and Medicine, Policy and Global Affairs, Transportation Research Board, and the Gulf Research Program."
"What We Do," nationalacademies.org (accessed Apr. 4, 2018)
Private nonprofit institutions
$216,638,000 federal revenue / $72.6 million private and nonfederal revenue (2016)
Marcia McNutt, C. D. (Dan) Mote Jr., and Victor J. Dzau, Presidents
# of Offices:
Headquarters in Washington, DC
# of Staff:
Does not receive direct appropriations from the federal government, although many of activities are mandated and funded by Congress and federal agencies.